If we are to effectively tackle terrorism, there needs to be some truth-telling, historical perspective and a genuine desire to get to the heart of the beast. We must acknowledge that terrorist organisations are often a product of real or perceived injustices and are borne out of a sense of desperation. And they are often supplied with arms by the very forces that claim to be fighting them.
The gruesome terrorist attacks in Paris have left the world shaken. Not only were the attacks carried out with the precision of a surgeon, they occurred in one of the world’s most loved and safest cities. The outpouring of sympathy for Parisians and the French people was palpable around the world.
The Islamic State in Iraq and Syria came out looking like a barbaric, evil, crazy and inhuman outfit, just like Al Shabaab did when it attacked the Westgate mall in Nairobi, and especially after it killed more than 140 students at Garissa University College in northern Kenya.
How much hatred can an organisation’s members harbour? What evil sits in their hearts as they plot the murder of innocent men, women and children? What bit about Islam, a religion of peace, do they fail to comprehend? These are questions we are all asking, but their answers are neither straightforward nor easy to compartmentalize. In today’s world, where short text and Twitter messages reduce complex issues to clichés, it is easy to paint people as either good or evil because that is how the media and politicians portray them.
However, if we are to tackle this terrorism menace once and for all, there needs to be some truth-telling, historical perspective and a genuine desire to get to the heart of the ISIS beast, which, like the fictional monster Frankenstein, has gone rogue and is devouring its creator. To achieve this, we must acknowledge that terrorist organisations do not grow spontaneously – they are often a product of real or perceived injustices and humiliations and are borne out of a sense of desperation and despair. And they are often supplied with arms by the very forces that claim to be fighting them.
We have seen how misguided military interventions fueled conflict in the Middle East and created generations of angry youth who could easily be manipulated by shrewd and deceptive online propagandists and power-hungry clerics. There are now new reports that show that the United States, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Qatar inadvertently, or perhaps deliberately, supplied arms to ISIS - and Al Qaeda-linked groups in Iraq and Syria. If the latter is indeed true, then the so-called war against ISIS is not just misguided; it is sinister.
On the day after the Paris attack, reflecting on violence, injustice and militarisation and what it does to societies, blogger Chris Floyd, a columnist for the US-based The Nation online magazine, wrote: “We, the West, overthrew Saddam by violence. We overthrew Gaddafi by violence. We are trying to overthrow Assad by violence. Harsh regimes all – but far less draconian than our Saudi allies, and other tyrannies around the world…Without the American crime of aggressive war against Iraq – which, by the measurements used by Western governments themselves, left more than a million innocent people dead – there would be no ISIS, no ‘Al Qaeda in Iraq’.”
Tamara Pearson, also writing in The Nation, asked a question which also many Kenyans have been asking: Why did the Paris attack elicit so much worldwide sympathy from heads of state and ordinary folk when terrorist acts have killed more people in places such as Beirut, Syria, Palestine, Nigeria, Somalia and Kenya? Pearson was particularly critical of the media, whose “hierarchy of tragedy reflects and perpetuates a political hierarchy in which some lives supposedly matter more”. She argued that “by selectively using tragedy, sensationalizing it for click kudos and therefore trivializing it, even the reported deaths fall silent because they are not really understood”.
In the hierarchy of tragedies, injustices such as forced displacement, extra-judicial killings, marginalization, racism and sexism become non-events. What’s worse, no one asks how they came about; they are treated as normal and natural phenomena. It is assumed that the solution to these injustices lies not in eradicating them, but in alleviating the victims’ suffering – by offering them a dollar or a plate of rice.
Unfortunately, the Paris attack will lead to more racism, more Islamophobia and more suffering. The Syrian and other refugees – products of the West and its allies’ military and foreign policy interventions – will no longer be welcome as more walls are built and more restrictions are placed to prevent them from seeking refuge in the very countries that created or fueled the crisis they now face.
* Rasna Warah is an author and a columnist with Nation newspaper in Kenya. ([email protected])
* THE VIEWS OF THE ABOVE ARTICLE ARE THOSE OF THE AUTHOR AND DO NOT NECESSARILY REFLECT THE VIEWS OF THE PAMBAZUKA NEWS EDITORIAL TEAM
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