In a few months, Zambia will turn 50. A sober assessment of how the country has fared since independence would show that some notable progress has been achieved. But serious challenges still persist. Zambia now needs new blood, new formulae and new commitment to drive its economic and political agenda
In 2011, I published ‘Zambia: Struggles of My People’. In this book I rather presciently predict the future of Zambia from what has gone before. I detail our struggles from pre-colonial days to colonial days to post-colonial days. It is documentation in time of the real struggles of the Zambian people.
This is 2014, and as I look back, I am still touched by the plight of my people. Soon Zambia will be celebrating 50 years of self-rule, of self-determination and of freedom from colonial bondage of former British Empire. It was on 24 October 1964 when the red-green-orange-black flag was lifted and a new nation called Zambia created. She was no longer a habitat of John Cecil Rhodes (Northern Rhodesia). The people of Zambia had become tired of being ‘boys’ and wanted to be ‘men’. Today, after 50 years of that so-called independence, we still are left with so many questions.
Foremost among these questions is: are we better off 50 years after the fact? It is clear that the answer to that cannot be fair, good or best. We may have to search deeply into our souls to be able to provide a better answer. But whatever route we may take, politically, economically or religiously, things haven’t been getting better. Some people might even say that things have worsened. However, such an indictment would be blatant disregard of the efforts and the progress the Zambian people have made.
For example, successive Zambian governments have built some notable infrastructures in terms of schools, universities/colleges and hospitals. Most of these were built after independence. We may as well note that in terms of social and political peace, Zambia has been a successful story. Zambia can also boast of being a regional heavy weight in the way she has postured herself as a fountain of refuge and protection for all those running away from war, civil wars and regional distress. Zambia has registered massive successes in the integration of tribal aggregates into a One-Zambia One-Nation framework. This, in part, can be attributed to the spirit of compromise and tolerance our fore-father tried and strived to impart at every level of government. In a way, it can be said that Zambia has seen a bit of economic stability post-Structural Adjustment Program (SAP) era. This, though, is relative, and may not be accepted by all reasonable Zambians. Politically, it might be an elephant in the house, but speaking from an historical nuance, Zambia has done well in political changes after 1991. Kenneth Kaunda’s undemocratic rule for 27 years cannot be justified even given the sometimes uncouth records of those who succeeded him (Frederick Chiluba; Levy Mwanawasa; Rupiah Banda; and Michael Sata).
Credit should, however, be given to Chiluba for ushering in the most coveted multi-party politics; Mwanawasa for setting into place an agenda for economic progress; Banda for a short but frugal determination to let go after failure to win the 2011 presidential elections; and Sata, despite his frail health, for showing that with courage a staunch MMD government could be changed without resorting to the bullet.
Yet, putting politicking aside, a genuine question to be answered is still this: are we better than we are before independence? We have done much to quell and curb repression and the rule of emergence regimes; we have instituted a working two-tenure presidential regime; and we have removed excesses in the quartered regime vis-à-vis our copper mining sector. But we still are tormented by the huge number of our people living in abject poverty, with hunger in rural areas, with lack or poor and inadequate education, and of course, our precious people dying from curable diseases. From whatever angel you look at it, and as I said, politics aside, we have a long way to go to create conditions that favour a much more magnanimous and prosperous society. Zambia is still bleeding internally.
Earnestly, I ask this question: can we let this quagmire, this state of impoverishment follow us into the next 50 years? We have seen, we have heard, we have touched and we have felt, but it’s time to do! And going by what has gone before, the current crop of the Zambian politicians ran out of ideas from the 1980s. They are old and tired, and if they are young, they cannot admit it, they have been made redundant by the ineffective policies and the 1970 economic models they still espouse, mostly engineered by the old guards!
Zambia needs new blood, new formulae and new assistants to drive the Zambian economic and political machines. We, the up and coming hope of Zambia, cannot insult the spirit and hard work that built our structures. No, we should not! We cannot ignore the good efforts the previous regimes have worked to instill. Even that, we should not! We cannot overlook the good intentions of those who died for the causes of freedom and independence. That would be an error of historical proportions. But we should also not forget that if we sit and do nothing, we will end up with the same poor, stagnant and attendant results. Where are the vibrant, the innovative, and the thinkers? Where are our educated lot, our exposed statesmen, and our assiduous intellectuals? Where is the young, with their new and progressive ideas? Where are the women, who still hold a key to Zambian progress? Where are you, with your brain, your intellect, your time, your experience and your resourcefulness? Where are we when Zambia needs us most?
Zambia needs a progressive and golden thinker-brand. Zambia needs a new dream, a new hope, and a new perspective on how to run government and set priorities. If we don’t want to change Zambia, no-one will change her for us!
* Charles Mwewa is author of 'Zambia: Struggles of My People' and teaches Legal Studies in Canada. www.charlesmwewa.com
* THE VIEWS OF THE ABOVE ARTICLE ARE THOSE OF THE AUTHOR/S AND DO NOT NECESSARILY REFLECT THE VIEWS OF THE PAMBAZUKA NEWS EDITORIAL TEAM
* BROUGHT TO YOU BY PAMBAZUKA NEWS
* Please do not take Pambazuka for granted! Become a Friend of Pambazuka and make a donation NOW to help keep Pambazuka FREE and INDEPENDENT!