Rwanda

The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has warned that despite the relatively calm situation in Rwanda, rural and urban poverty pose a serious threat to the country's economic and social development. In a report, it noted that out of 8 million inhabitants, 28,130 were Congolese refugees, 5,087 were internally displaced, 52,242 were recent returnees, 60,195 were affected by drought in the south and east of the country and some 2 million people were living in difficult conditions.

Louise Arbour, the former chief prosecutor of the international Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, predicted today that in spite of United States opposition, the International Criminal Court will become a reality because the question of personal accountability of leaders is an irreversible movement.

Rwanda has begun a week of mourning for the victims of the 1994 genocide in which hundreds of thousands of Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed.

Rwandan has been praised for the progress in the country's human rights situation in a special report by UN Special Rapporteur Michel Moussalli, although much still remained to improve. A representative of Rwanda admitted, "that not all is perfect", but over the last three years human rights had improved notably and "where small problems remain, solutions are being sought."

Rwanda: Decision Point Document for the Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) December 11, 2000.

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