The Arusha Conference (2002) will focus on scientific progress and potential in malaria research with the aim of promoting the exchange of scientific ideas within Africa. The Conference will have specific sessions to discuss mechanisms for linking scientific research and malaria control activities.

Why do racial, religious, ethnic and national identities have such purchase on the lives of so many people, and why are they still at the centre of so many major conflicts at the beginning of the twenty-first century? What form is racism taking amidst the inequalities, refugees and mass migrations of today's global capitalism? How does the American state - as both the manager of the world capitalist order and as the embodiment of an all-too-often chauvinist national identity - fit into the more

The World Bank has committed over $4 billion credit for African Development this year in the form of Official Development Assistance (ODA) from the International Development Association (IDA). This is against the $3.9 billion given to Africa, last year.

Penal Reform International (PRI) is an international human rights organisation and is organising a pan-African conference on penal systems in Ouagadougou, on 19-20 September 2002. For three days, around 150 participants including representatives from prison administrations, the judiciary and from the non-governmental sector, supported by international experts from the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), UNICEF, and Amnesty International, will gather and discuss the possibility more

The Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) is co-ordinating activities related to the development of a database on African experts and the diaspora, and making it available for access and utilisation by member States, development partners and others.