Anil Naidoo and Firoze Manji

On 1 July 2002, the Rome Statute entered into force thereby establishing the International Criminal Court (ICC), after the mandatory 60 state ratifications was achieved and surpassed on 11 April 2002. Currently there are 139 signatories and 90 States Parties (ratifications) of the Rome Statute. The ICC is currently based in the Netherlands with 18 judges, a prosecutor and a registrar having been appointed.

As the first anniversary of the ICC was reached on 1 July 2003, already 200 more