Norman (Otis) Richmond, aka Jalali


As a musician, Mama Africa enthralled millions from Cape Town to Nova Scotia. As a woman, her struggles to find love and selfhood speak to women worldwide. As an indigenous South African, she always used her voice as a weapon in the struggle against apartheid.


Carter was an iconic black revolutionary from Los Angeles who made a notable contribution to Africa, Africans and oppressed humanity. We should remember him every October 12.