Françoise Nduwimana

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimates that women and children make up between 75% and 80% of war refugees and displaced persons. The concentration of women in refugee and displaced persons camps is a two-pronged issue. In the beginning, the need for security was the impetus for the women to group together. But in the absence of a peace-keeping force with a firm mandate regarding protection of civilians, as is usually the case in Africa, protection is transformed more